At Enfield Academy, we follow Letters and Sounds as our Phonic Scheme.  The children use some 'Jolly Phonics' actions to support them with their recognition of these sounds.  Phonics is taught with a hands on approach and is used throughout the day in all subjects area.

Phonics is taught daily throughout Key Stage One and the children are grouped appropriately with regards to the phase they are accessing.

The children begin their phonic journey when they enter Reception on Phase 2 learning the initial sounds 'SATPIN'.  By Christmas, the children will begin Phase 3 of Letters and Sounds.  This stage introduces the children to digraphs, trigraphs and vowel digraphs and by May, the children should be accessing Phase 4, which will encourage them to blend polysyllabic words and teach the children valuable decoding strategies.

As the children enter Year One, their class teacher will recap Phase 4. The children will then move straight onto Phase 5.  This Phase is split into two parts 'a' and 'b'.  Phase 5 encourages the children to apply their learning to their spellings, focusing on split digraphs and alternative sounds and spelling patterns.

The children will finish Year One by completing a phonic screening test.  This assesses if the children are applying their skills to help them decode real and ‘alien’ words.

When the children enter Year 2, the children who still need support in Phonics will continue to access daily teaching revisiting phases they still require support in.  Please find below a definition of the vocabulary we will be using throughout our phonics teaching.

Phonics Vocabulary

Vowel Digraphs – 2 vowels that make one sound

Digraph – 2 letters that make one sound

Trigraphs – 3 letters that make one sound

Consonant Cluster – A group of consonant letters together.

Split Digraphs – 2 letters that are together but a naughty consonant will try to split them up!

Polysyllabic words – Word with more than one syllable

Phoneme fingers – To support children in sounding out words they are reading or spelling.

Phoneme Frame – To help children in reading and spelling words, putting in each phoneme in a separate frame.

Sound Buttons - To support the child in recognising the individual sounds in the word.

Phonics Programme